Here we briefly describe the most authentic books of the Islam.
- The Quran (Koran)
The Quran, the last revealed word of Allah (God), is the primary source of every Muslim’s faith and practice. It deals with all the subjects which concern human beings: wisdom, doctrine, worship, transactions, law, etc., it gives guidance of each aspect of life, but its basic theme is the relationship between Allah (God) and His creatures. At the same time, it provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system.
Note that the Quran was revealed to the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Arabic only. So, any Quranic translation, either in English or any other language, is neither a Quran, nor a version of the Quran, but rather it is only a translation of the meaning of the Quran. The Quran exists only in the Arabic in which it was revealed.
After Quran, Hadith is the second authentic source of Islamic jurisprudence.
What is Hadith?
Hadith or Sunnah is the second source from which the teachings of Islam are drawn. Hadith literally means a saying conveyed to man, but in the terminology of the experts of Hadith (Muhadditheen), it means sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), his action or practice of his silent approval of the action or practice. Hadith and Sunnah are used interchangeably, but sometimes these are used for different meanings.
The Six Books of Hadith, commonly known as Sahah Sittah (The Six Authentic) or The six authentic books. The word “Sahih” means authentic, is appended with Bukhari and Muslim because these two books contain only sound narrations and are considered to be the most authentic books after the Noble Quran. Other four books contain few weak narrations as well.
There are many other books of hadith, few of them even greater in terms of authenticity, compered to few of these Six Books for example Muwatta Imam Malik, but the latter gained higher popularity due to their comprehensive nature and many other factors.
Note that Muwatta Imam Malik is also the most authentic hadith book.
The Most authentic Hadith books are below.
- Sahih al Bukhari (author : Imam al-Bukhaari r.a)
- Sahih Muslim (author : Imam Muslim r.a )
- Sunan Abu Dawood (author : Imam Abu Dawood r.a )
- Sunan Al Tirmidhi (author : Imam Al Tirmidhi r.a)
- Sunan An Nasaa’i (author : Imam An Nasaa’i r.a)
- Sunan Ibn Majah (author : Imam Ibn Maajah r.a )